Business English- Gramática clave (IV)

 Gramática clave

Imperativo negativo

a) En la segunda persona del singular y plural, el imperativo negativo se forma así:

don’t o (do not) + infinitivo sin «to».

Ejemplo: Don’t touch that./ Don’t be silly!

b) En el lenguaje formal la primera persona del plural del imperativo negativo se forma así:

Let’s (Let us) + not + Infinitivo sin «To».

Ejemplo: Let’s not argue.

c) En el lenguage coloquial la primera y tercera persona del imperativo negativo se forma así:

Don’t (do not) + let + pronombre personal complemento + infinitivo sin «To».

Don’t (do not) + let + grupo nominal + infinitivo sin «To».

Ejemplo: Don’t let me fall asleep. / Don’t let the children do what hey want.

Ejemplos generales:

We’ve decided not to celebrate Christmas this year: Let’s not celebrate Chrismas this year.

We decided not to have porridge for breakfast: Let’s porridge for breakfast.

We decided not to inquire about prices: Let’s inquire about prices.

We decided not to invite Sandra’s parents over for dinner: Let’s not invite Sandra’s parents over for dinner.

We decided not to go for a Mexican meal: Let’s go for a Mexican meal.

We decided not to worry about the missing furniture: Let’s not worry about the missing furniture.

Some – Any

a) El adjetivo some (algunos, algunas) se utiliza delante de un sustantivo incontable singular o de un sustantivo contable plural para indicar una cantidad imprecisa.

b) El pronombre some (algo, un poco) se utiliza para sustituir a un sustantivo incontable o contable plural. Ejemplo: If you like milk, I have some.

c) El adjetivo y pronombre some se sustituye por any (not …any: no…ninguna, ninguno)en las frases interrogativas o negativas. Por ejemplo: Are there any country trails here? No, there aren’t any.


Sandra is asking if they have got any new light bulbs: Have they got any new light bulbs?

Did you see any playgrounds here? : No, I didn’t see any.

Is there any storage room?: Yes, there’s some.

Have you bought any sandwiches?: No, I haven’t bought any.

Do the have any with fully-eqquiped kitchens?: No, they don’t have any.

Is there any shower gel in the bathroom?:  Yes, there’s some.

Do you get any nice views from the terrace window?: Yes, I get some.

Did you see any films last week?: Yes, I saw some.

Do they want some pillowcases?: No, they don’t want any.

Does he know any cinemas near here?: Yes, he knows some.

Vocabulario- Caso práctico. Además Puedes practicar lectura y pronunciación.

The summer arrives and you are in front of the villa.

It doesn’t look like the villa in the brochure.

The view isn’t exhilarating.

There’s an enormous building in front.

We’ll only be here at night.

The view on the other side is nice.


Where are the sheets?

I want to make the beds.

I haven’t seen them.

Where do you turn the electricity on?

There’s a green switch in the hall.

I can’t see anything.


It this a gas cooker?

No, it is an electric one.

These cooking ring aren’t very clean.

Get a sponge.

Where are the sponges?

I don’t know where they are.


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