Business English- Gramática clave (V)

Gramática clave.

To look forward to.

To look forward to (tener ganas de) puede utilizarse como:

a) Un sustantivo. Ejemplo: I’m looking forward to the holidays.

b) Un gerundio (verbo en -ing). Ejemplo: We’re looking forward to seeing you.

Present perfect.

El present perfect se forma con: Have (conjugado) + participio pasado. Presenta siempre una relación entre presente y pasado. Se usa para expresar:

a) La consecuencia en el presente de una acción en el pasado. Ejemplo: I’ve forgotten to post this letter. Could you remind me to do it? The shop has been closed for weeks. I have to go shopping elsewhere.

b) Un estado o acción que ha empezado en el pasado y continúa en el presente. Ejemplo: He’s been very helpful recently./ I’ve never smoked.

c) Un estado o acción que empieza en el pasado y continúa en el presente. Ejemplo: I haven’t slept since Tuesday. / She’s been pregnant for two months.

Nota: Cuando a Since (sentido temporal) le sigue una oración, el verbo de la oración está en pretérito.

d) Una acción que acaba de realizarse. Ejemplo: I’ve just finished un excellent book.

Nota: nunca se utiliza el present perfect con expresiones que hacen referencia al pasado como: ago, yesterday,… Para ellas se utiliza el pretérito.

Práctica Present perfect.

1. I saw her yesterday (today).: I’ve seen her today.

2. They did it yesterday (today).: They have done it today.

3. The weather was dull last week (this week).: The weather has been dull this week.

4. I ignored it last time (this time).: I’ve ignored it this time.

5. Mr. Gonzalez told us that last week (recently).: Mr. Gonzalez has told us that recently.

6. We learnt to type last year (this year).: We have learnt to type this year.

7. I sold those before luch (since lunch).:  I’ve sold those since lunch.

8. She became interested in that some time ago (this year).: She’s become interested in that this year.

9. They started worrying last March (in the last few days).: They’ve started worrying in the last few days.

10. I phoned her yesterday (today).: I’ve phoned her today.


Would you like to come and have dinner with us tonight?

Can you hold on a second?

Let me ask Sandra.

We’ll be there. It’ll be nice to see you again.

Great! See you at half past seven.


We have to start cooking now?

I can’t decide what to do.

Carlos doesn’t like fish but meat is all right

What should we do to go with the meat?

Potatoes? rice? or grilled tomatoes?

Good idea.


If I have a time I’ll bake a cake.

Yes, make one of your lovely chocolate cakes.

You’ve got enough time.

There’s also ice crema in the freezer.



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