Business English- Gramática clave (V)

Gramática clave.

To look forward to.

To look forward to (tener ganas de) puede utilizarse como:

a) Un sustantivo. Ejemplo: I’m looking forward to the holidays.

b) Un gerundio (verbo en -ing). Ejemplo: We’re looking forward to seeing you.

Present perfect.

El present perfect se forma con: Have (conjugado) + participio pasado. Presenta siempre una relación entre presente y pasado. Se usa para expresar:

a) La consecuencia en el presente de una acción en el pasado. Ejemplo: I’ve forgotten to post this letter. Could you remind me to do it? The shop has been closed for weeks. I have to go shopping elsewhere.

b) Un estado o acción que ha empezado en el pasado y continúa en el presente. Ejemplo: He’s been very helpful recently./ I’ve never smoked.

c) Un estado o acción que empieza en el pasado y continúa en el presente. Ejemplo: I haven’t slept since Tuesday. / She’s been pregnant for two months.

Nota: Cuando a Since (sentido temporal) le sigue una oración, el verbo de la oración está en pretérito.

d) Una acción que acaba de realizarse. Ejemplo: I’ve just finished un excellent book.

Nota: nunca se utiliza el present perfect con expresiones que hacen referencia al pasado como: ago, yesterday,… Para ellas se utiliza el pretérito.

Práctica Present perfect.

1. I saw her yesterday (today).: I’ve seen her today.

2. They did it yesterday (today).: They have done it today.

3. The weather was dull last week (this week).: The weather has been dull this week.

4. I ignored it last time (this time).: I’ve ignored it this time.

5. Mr. Gonzalez told us that last week (recently).: Mr. Gonzalez has told us that recently.

6. We learnt to type last year (this year).: We have learnt to type this year.

7. I sold those before luch (since lunch).:  I’ve sold those since lunch.

8. She became interested in that some time ago (this year).: She’s become interested in that this year.

9. They started worrying last March (in the last few days).: They’ve started worrying in the last few days.

10. I phoned her yesterday (today).: I’ve phoned her today.

Vocabulario.

Would you like to come and have dinner with us tonight?

Can you hold on a second?

Let me ask Sandra.

We’ll be there. It’ll be nice to see you again.

Great! See you at half past seven.

—————————————————————————-

We have to start cooking now?

I can’t decide what to do.

Carlos doesn’t like fish but meat is all right

What should we do to go with the meat?

Potatoes? rice? or grilled tomatoes?

Good idea.

——————————————————————————

If I have a time I’ll bake a cake.

Yes, make one of your lovely chocolate cakes.

You’ve got enough time.

There’s also ice crema in the freezer.

 

 

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